Physical activity plays an important role in the healthy development of children, but a growing trend of early sport specialisation is causing concern. This trend is driven by the belief that early specialisation leads to peak performance and athletic success in adulthood.
However, is there any truth to this notion? In this article, we’ll explore the facts about early sport specialisation and its impact on young athletes.
What is Early Sport Specialisation
Early sport specialisation refers to intense, year-round training in one sport before the age of 12. The Australian Institute of Sport has established criteria to measure the degree of sport specialisation, including:
- Does the individual play or train in one sport for more than 8 months of the year
- Is it their primary sport
- Have they stopped participating in other sports to focus solely on one
Does Early Sport Specialisation Lead to Athletic Success
While some degree of sport specialisation can be beneficial in developing skills and proficiency, there is no evidence that early sport specialisation leads to elite performance in adulthood.
In fact, research suggests that maintaining a broad sporting base until at least the age of 12 before specialising is more likely to result in success.
Participating in a range of sports has long-term positive effects on athletic development and overall health.
Harms of Early Sport Specialisation
Early sport specialisation can do more harm than good. It is associated with a higher risk of overuse injuries, lower overall perception of health (both mental and physical), less fun derived from the sport, and early cessation of sporting activity.
It can also lead to unrealistic expectations from parents, coaches, or oneself, resulting in mental health issues, burnout, or low self-esteem.
Benefits of Participating in a Variety of Sports
Participating in a range of sports has numerous benefits for young athletes, including the ability to develop a better understanding of which sport fits their interests, capabilities, and physique.
It promotes longer-term enjoyment and relieves some of the emotional pressures associated with early specialisation. It also allows individuals to acquire a broad range of neuromuscular patterns that can be transferred between sports, reducing the risk of overuse injuries.
Furthermore, it leads to a healthy life balance and promotes long-term success by developing overall fitness components, including aerobic, strength, and flexibility.
Guidelines to Consider
To promote the healthy development of young athletes, consider these guidelines:
- Coaches and parents should understand the harms and risks of early sport specialisation.
- Encourage informal physical activity such as free play, especially for children under the age of 12, to develop their motor skills and movement patterns.
- Delay sport specialisation until at least the age of 12 or older if possible.
- Understand evidence-based training load guidelines based on the individual’s sport to prevent injuries.
In conclusion, early sport specialisation may seem like a shortcut to athletic success, but in reality, it can do more harm than good. Encourage a variety of sports and physical activities to promote overall health and long-term success.
Understanding how to give your child the best start in sport can be confusing. Our team of Exercise Physiologists are trained in using exercise to help people live healthier lives, they also come from passionate sporting backgrounds and would be more than happy to discuss your questions.
How Do I Book An Appointment?
We’re taking the health of our clients, members and staff very seriously and our preference would be for you to call to book an appointment so that we can make sure to explain our approach to keeping you safe. You can call any of these numbers to schedule a session:
- Precision Physio Concord: 02 9736 3950
- Precision Physio St Marys: 02 9623 2220
- Precision Physio Mt Druitt: 02 9188 2552
Evolving with the current environment, we are also now offering online appointments, meaning that we can support anyone who is unable to leave their home. Sessions are done via our state of the art Telehealth system and as long as you have a laptop or tablet with an inbuilt camera, or a phone with camera, we can help!
To learn more about online consultations, please call us on any of the numbers listed above.